Onions are coolseason vegetables that are grown mainly for the flavor they add to other foods. Onions begin to form bulbs based on the day length. Onions can be started from either seeds, sets, or transplants. Onion seed of both white and yellow varieties can be sown indoors in flats, in the winter, or early spring, depending on where you live. In most areas you will need to start your seedlings indoors. Also, seeds can be sown directly into the garden, covered with about onefourth inch of soil and should sprout between 7 10 days. If planted.
Thickly, plants can be pulled and utilized as green onions or scallions for salads or fresh eating in about 810 weeks. However, most gardeners want to grow an onion bulb as large as possible. To do this, the onion plants must be thinned until they are at least 23 inches apart to insure adequate bulb expansion. The removed plants can be used for scallions or you can retransplanting into another area of the garden so that they will too have adequate space to enlarge into large bulbs. In my opinion onion seeds is the least recommended.
Way to start onions. The other option you have is Onion Sets. Growing onions from onion sets is probably an easier way to produce a crop of quality onions, and in most cases you will be able to achieve better success this way when compared to growing onions from seed. Sets are small, dry onion bulbs that have been grown the previous year. They are the easiest for many gardeners to grow. Buy a bag of sets, push them into damp soil until just the top is showing and the onion quickly starts.
How to Plant, Grow, Harvest Onions from Start to Finish
Growing. They are frequently sold only as yellow, white or red onions without a variety name. So if you want to know what varieties your growing, do not use onions sets. Round onions will produce a flattened onion, and tear shaped or elongated sets will produce round onion. Larger sets are best used as green onions while smaller sets are left in the ground to form bulbs. And then, there is the last option for growing onions Onion Plants. The way I usually grow onions and how I would recommend growing onions for the first time. For large, firm bulbs, plants are best. They.
Were produced from seed in the same year they are sold. Plants are available from seed catalogs, garden centers or your local hardware stores. Plant onions onion plants transplants, four to six weeks before the last estimated spring freeze. Generally plants come in a bundle. Plant the onions 1 deep and no deeper, as this will inhibit their ability to bulb. When you receive your onions transplants, they are alive, and should be planted as soon as possible. If your unable to plant these right away, remove the onion plants from the box and.
Spread them out in a cool, dry area. The roots and tops may begin to dry out but do not be alarmed, as the onion is a member of the lily family and as such will live for approximately three weeks off the bulb. The first thing that the onion will do after planting will be to shoot new roots. The next most important thing in planting onions, is choosing the right onion to plant based on your location. There are three different types of onions. Shortday onions, dayneutral onions also know as intermediate day onions, and longday.
Onions First, the Short day onions Form bulbs with 10 to 12 hours of daylight They need mild winter climate, usually Zone seven or warmer Planted in fall, mature in late spring And can be grown in the North, but the bulbs don’t get as large And then we have the Intermediate or dayneutral onions These form bulbs with 12 to 14 hours of daylight Produce nice bulbs in all regions except South Florida or South Texas, these intermediate onions are ideal for Zones five through six Planted in fall in mild winter climates and.
In early spring in northern regions Then lastly you have the Longday onions Which form bulbs with 14 to 16 hours of daylight These are typically grown in northern regions, zone six and colder Day length is the most important factor in selecting your onion varieties. Long day onions grow north of a line approximately from Washington, DC. to San Francisco, short day onions south of the line and intermediate day length for several miles on either side of this line. Flavor and pungency are other factors in selecting varieties. Sweet white onions are generally longday.
Varieties while the best strongflavored yellow onions are intermediate or short day onions. As far as planting goes Select a location with full sun where your onions won’t be shaded by other plants. The Soil needs to be welldrained, loose, and rich in nitrogen and compact soil affect your bulb development. You want nice loose, rich soil. Till in aged manure, compost or fertilizer in the fall before planting. Onions are heavy feeders and need constant nourishment to produce biggest bulbs. At the time of planting, you can mix in some.
Fertilizer, too, and side dress every few weeks until the bulbing process begins. Are you planting seeds Onion seeds are shortlived. If planting seeds indoors, start with fresh seeds each year. Start seeds indoors about 6 weeks before transplanting. Transplants should be set out 4 to 6 weeks prior to the date of the last average freeze. Plant onions as soon as the ground can be worked in the spring, Make sure the temperature doesn’t go below 20 degrees Fahrenheit For sets or transplants, plant 1 inch deep, with 4 to 5 inches between each plant. Also.
I plant them in rows usually about 12 to 18 inches apart. Should you want to harvest some of the onions during the growing season as green onions, you may plant the plants as close as 2 inches apart. Pull every other one, prior to them beginning to bulb, leaving some for larger onions. Reminder! Do not plant them too deep, or they will not make as large of a bulb If you have left over onion plants from your bundle, you can plant them in a pot or plant them in the ground together, like I usually.
Do, and grow them all season long, and harvest them for green onions. Onion Fertilization and Growing Tips Onions require a high source of nitrogen. For organic growing like we do, use a rich compost high in nitrogen. The conventional, nonorganic way would be to use a nitrogenbased ammonium sulfate or ammonium nitrate fertilizer and this should be applied at the rate of one cup per twenty feet of row. There is no such thing as an organic allnitrogen fertilizer. The first fertilizer application should be about three weeks after planting and then continue with applications every 2 to 3 weeks. Once the.
Neck starts feeling soft do not apply any more fertilizer. This should occur approximately 4 weeks prior to harvest. Always water immediately after feeding and maintain moisture during the growing season. The closer to harvest the more water the onion will require. For weed control Unfortunately, there is not any organic product available to assist in weed control so the only method will be cultivation. That’s right, get on your hands and knees and pull up the weeds. While cultivating be careful not to damage the onion bulbs. As the onion.
Begins to bulb the soil around the bulb should loosen so the onion is free to expand. Do not move dirt on top of the onion since this will prevent the onion from forming its natural bulb. So don’t be alarmed if you start seeing onion protruding from the ground as the bulb expands and enlarges. Flowering also known as Bolting Most folks want to grow onion bulbs NOT onion flowers! What causes bulb onions to send up flower stalks Flowering of onions can be caused by several things but usually the most.
Common is temperature fluctuation. If the onion is exposed to warm temperatures, then cold, then warm again, it will bolt. An onion is classed as a biennial which means it normally takes 2 years to go from seed to seed. Temperature is the controlling or triggering factor in this process. If an onion plant is exposed to alternating cold and warm temperatures resulting in the onion plant going dormant, resuming growth, going dormant and then resuming growth again, backandforth, the onion bulbs prematurely flower or bolt. The onion is deceived into believing it has completed two growth cycles or two years of growth in its biennial.
Life cycle so it finalizes the cycle by blooming. Flowering can be controlled by planting the right variety at the right time. Use only transplants that are pencilsized or smaller in diameter when planting in early spring or always plant seed. Onions sets are more likely to bolt, because they were produced the previous year. What can you Do About Flowering Onions If you can see a flower stalk apper should you remove the flower stalk from the onion plant Probably notit’s not going to do any difference for you. Suit yourself but once the onion plant has bolted, or sent up a flower stalk, there is.
Nothing you can do to eliminate this problem. The onion bulbs will be edible but smaller. Use these onions as soon as possible because the green flower stalk which emerges through the center of the bulb will make storage almost impossible. Once again, use these onions First! Harvest them, use them First. As far as Harvesting And Storage goes, Onions are fully mature when their tops have fallen over. After pulling from the ground allow the onion to dry, clip the roots,cut back the tops to about one inch. The key to preserving onions.